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Refrigerant 101: Everything You Need to Know

Refrigerant 101 for phoenix homeowners looking to avoid a broken ac unit during the az summers

It’s warming up here in Anthem, Arizona, and your air conditioner will soon be working very hard. One of the major components of your air conditioner is the refrigerant; without it, you wouldn’t have cold air. Let’s take a look at the basics of what refrigerant is and why it is so important.

What is Refrigerant and What Does it Do?

In order to get the hot air out of your home, the air conditioner has a fluid running through it called refrigerant which flows between the indoor unit and the outdoor unit. The refrigerant absorbs heat from your home and brings it to the outside unit where the warm air is released. The fluid flows back into the inside unit, picks up hot air again, and releases it to the outside. This is a continuous loop that happens while your air conditioner is running.

Why Check the Levels?

Refrigerant is essential in keeping your home cool and requires regular inspection to ensure it is sufficiently charged. The refrigerant doesn’t normally get “used up,” so if our technicians see the level is low, there is a strong possibility there is a leak in the system. If the levels drop too low, damage could occur, resulting in poor performance of your air conditioner.

What is the R-22 Phaseout?

The first generation of refrigerant called R-22 was found to have a negative impact on the environment. The phase-out of this refrigerant began in 2010. Starting in 2020, R-22 will become illegal. Most, if not all old air conditioners that use R-22 will have been replaced by then. As some of the repairs done on an old system require recharging with R-22, pricing on R-22 has increased with its decreased use.

The new systems, which use a more environmentally-friendly R-410A refrigerant, are the replacements for the old ones. Consider planning now to replace your older unit with a modern one that uses the new R-410A refrigerant.

Call us today at Canyon State Air Conditioning, Heating & Plumbing at 623-201-5118 to discuss having a new air conditioner installed.

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